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== The Apostolic Fathers ==
== The Apostolic Fathers ==
=== St Clement the Roman ===
# [[St. Clement of Rome]]
# [[St. Polycarp Bishop of Smyrna]]
St Clement, the Roman, was the third Bishop of Rome as stated by St. Irenaeus. Eusabius the
scholar further elaborates that St Clement became a Bishop of Rome in the 12th year of Domitian’s
regime.  So his bishop years extended from 93AD to 101AD. 
Tertullian, the scholar, and Ibevanios Bishop of Cyprus concur that St Peter the Apostle
ordained St Clement, the Roman, a Bishop for Rome.  In order to keep peace in the Roman Church, St
Clement, left the Bishop’s See to Linos, then to Anaklitos, and after Anaklitos he then returned to his
See.  Scholars agree that St Clement had a direct relationship with St Paul and St Peter the apostles.  Origen the scholar and Eusabius  from Caesara both concur that St Paul the Apostle eulogized St
Clement in his Epistle to the Philippians “And I urge you also, true companion, help these women who
labored with me in the Gospel, with Clement also, and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are
in the Book of Life (Philippians 4:3).”
Letter of St Clement, the Roman, to the Corinthian Churches:
The Letter of St Clement, the Roman, to  the Corinthian Church was accepted from the
beginning as a document directly related to the Post Apostolic Era.  Its style is similar to the style of
the First Epistle to the Corinthians written by St Paul the Apostle.
Many problems developed in the Corinthian Church during the time of St Paul due to believers
not submitting and obeying the ordained legal bishop there having exiled him and some priests.  St
Clement wrote his letter to this church focusing on the bond of love and Christian agape as mentioned
by St Paul in his First Epistle chapter 8.
St Clement began his Epistle exactly as St Paul in his Epistles with this beautiful verse, “Grace
to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Chris be with you (I Corinthians 1:1) “from
the Church of God in Rome to the Church of God in Corinth (1:2).”
St Clement wrote, “Who can describe the blessed bond God is love?  Who is capable of
describing its glory?  No one can talk about the glory of Agape.  Agape unites us with God.  Love
sustains everything.  Love suffers long and is kind.  No bride is in love.  Love doesn’t allow envy. 
Love makes everything harmonious.”
“When love rules, the good deeds will follow.  Many of God’s gifts come to the believer who
does good deeds before God.”  “All the saints of the Old Testament became glorified before the Lord
not by themselves, nor their good deeds, but by God’s will.  Likewise, we are so called according to
God’s will in the Lord Jesus Christ, we are holy not by ourselves, not by our wisdom, nor by our
understanding, not by our good deeds that we did in  a pure heart but by justification in the faith
through our Lord Jesus Christ, through which all those saints were justified.  Glory be to Him forever.
So what should we do our brethren?  Do we become lazy?  Do we neglect love?  No but with
zeal and courage we should complete every good deed as the Lord and Creator of everything rejoiced
with what He did.”
Also St Clement in his teaching of eternal life and resurrection of bodies followed the same
teachings as chapter 15 in the First Epistle of St Paul to the Corinthians.
The Dogmatic Importance of the Letter:
St Clement’s Letter has great dogmatic importance as it clearly declares the dogma of apostolic
succession.  St Clement, the Roman, stated that the Christian priesthood was of great importance as it
is clearly an extension of the priesthood of the Old Testament. St Clement further stated that the
church’s Shepard hood through her bishops and priests is through apostolic succession and hierarchy,
and it is of utmost importance for the church’s witness and continuity.
“The apostles preached the Gospel which they received from the Lord Jesus Christ who
Himself brought the teachings from God the Father.  Therefore if the apostles brought their teachings
from the Lord Jesus Christ both teachings originated from God’s will.  Likewise, after they had
received their teachings, believed  in the Glorious Resurrection or  our Lord Jesus Christ, and were justified by faith departed full of the Holy Spirit to all regions of the world to preach the Holy Gospel
that the Kingdom would soon come.  From province to province and city to city they preached and
with the Holy Spirit they chose other men from among the new believers to be bishops, priests, and
deacons for the church.  The apostles knew the position of the bishop and priesthood might cause envy,
which could develop into plots and conspiracies. The apostles taught that when a church leader died,
other would be chosen who should be justified to follow them in the bishop’s position. So it is not a
faithful church that will dismiss anyone ordained for the priesthood or bishophood by the apostles or
upon approval of the entire church.
The Position of Bishop in St Clement’s Letter:
St Clement was the first to use the title “bishop” as the one who oversees.  He also called
bishop’s priests.  There was no distinction for the Roman Church as compared to the other churches,
the letter was only a trial by St Clement to overcome the envy and conspiracies in the Corinthian
Church and did not express any more dignity for the Roman Church versus the Corinthian Church. 
The concept of church meant the church as the body of the Lord Jesus Christ not limited by its locality
and so St Ignatius, bishop of Antioch wrote many letters to different churches.  All of those fathers
understood the catholicity of the church as the true and precise understanding.  They also understood it
is not right for any bishop to interfere in another church’s affairs in the scope of another bishop.  With
this in mind, one can understand why the Pope of Alexandria refused to accept Origen whom was
ordained as a priest by another bishop outside his See.  Therefore ensuring the dignity of the bishop’s
See was a respectable dogma in the primitive Church.
Conclusion of the Letter:
St Clement concluded his Epistle by Liturgical Prayer, which stated the Divinity of the Lord
Jesus Christ who is “the only beloved Son of God through whom God taught  us, sanctified us and
brought us to the Glory.”  The Lord Jesus Christ is the Supreme Pontiff and the Guard of our souls.” 
Then, St Clement sang hymns that expressed the  mercy and care of God.  Finally St Clement
concludes his letter with a prayer for the governor of the  regime, which clearly declares the
relationship between the church and state.
“O You our Master, Give them the Kingdom’s authority by your supreme and ineffable power. 
So as we confess with dignity and glory which came upon them in obedience to Your will.  Give them
O Lord the health, the peace, the strength and the ability to practice their high leadership that you gave
them.  O You, our Master, the King of Kings and the Heavenly King of ages gave the man the power,
the authority and the glory to rule over everything on the earth.  O Lord, lead their thoughts with every
good deed that is justified before You to practice in gentleness the power and authority you gave them
in peace and humbleness so they can confess Your power and Your goodness. Amen.”
This was a brief overview of St Clement’s Letter to the Corinthian Church and you can find the
entire manuscript in Ante Nicene Fathers, Vol.1. 
=== St. Polycarp Bishop of Smyrna ===
St. Polycarp was born in 70 A D to a Christian family who received its faith from the very
Apostles of Lord Jesus.  In these Apostolic times, the young Church lived  and was strengthened by
visits of the Apostles and their disciples. They had already warned of difficult times in their Epistles,
calling the Christians too that "you say also rejoice and be glad when His glory is revealed " (1 Peter:
13).  St. Polycarp was chosen by the bishop as his personal secretary; and later, when he was forty
years old became the Bishop of Smyrna.  There, he remained for 86 years of his life, faithfully serving
the Church.
St. Polycarp was one of the most illustrious of the Apostolic Fathers, who, being the immediate
disciples of the apostles, received instructions from their mouths, and inherited of them the spirit of the
Lord Jesus Christ in a degree so much the more eminent as they lived nearer the fountain head. He
embraced Christianity very young, about the year 80, was a disciple of the Apostles, in particular of St.
John the Evangelist, and was constituted by him Bishop of Smyrna, probably before his banishment to
Patmos in 96 AD.
He seems to have been the angel or Bishop of Smyrna who was commended above all the
bishops of Asia by the Lord Jesus Christ himself in the Apocalypse, and the only one without a
reproach. Our Savior encouraged him under his poverty, tribulation, and persecutions, especially the
calumnies of the Jews, called him rich in grace,  and promised him the crown of life by martyrdom
(Revelation 2:8-10). 
This saint was respected by the faithful to  a degree of veneration. He formed many holy
disciples, among who were St. Irenaeus and Papias. When Florinus, who had often visited St.
Polycarp, had broached certain heresies, St. Irenaeus wrote to him as follows: "These things were not
taught you by the bishops who preceded us. I could tell you the place where the blessed Polycarp sat to
preach the word of God. It is yet present to my mind with what gravity he everywhere came in and
went out; what was the sanctity of his deportment, the majesty of his countenance and of his whole
exterior, and what his holy exhortations to the people were. I seem to hear him now relate how he
conversed with John and many others who had seen Jesus Christ; the words he had heard from their
mouths. I can protest before God that if this holy bishop had heard of any error like yours, he would
have immediately stopped his ears, and cried out, according to his custom, Good God! That I should be
reserved to these times to hear such things! That very instant he would have fled out of the place in
which he had heard such doctrine." 
St. Jerome mentions that St. Polycarp met at Rome the heretic Marcion in the streets, who
resenting that the holy bishop did not take that notice of him which he expected, said to him, "Do you
not know me, Polycarp?" "Yes," answered the saint, "I know you to be the firstborn of Satan." He had
learned this abhorrence of the authors of heresy, who knowingly and willingly  adulterate the divine
truths, from his master, St. John, who fled out of the bath in which he saw Cerinthus.
St. Polycarp kissed with respect the chains of St. Ignatius, who passed by Smyrna on the road
to his martyrdom, and who recommended to our saint the care and comfort of his distant Church of
Antioch, which he repeated to him in a letter from Troas, desiring him to write in his name to those
churches of Asia to which he had not leisure to  write himself. St. Polycarp wrote a letter to the
Philippians shortly after, which is highly commended by St. Irenaeus, St. Jerome, Eusabius, Photius,
and others, and is still extant. It is justly admired both for the excellent instructions it contains and for
the simplicity and perspicuity of the style, and was publicly read in the church in Asia in St. Jerome's
time. In it he calls a heretic, as above, the eldest son of Satan. 
About the year 158 he undertook a journey of charity to Rome, to confer with Pope Anicetus
about certain points of discipline, especially about the time of keeping Easter, for the Asiatic churches
kept it on the fourteenth day of the vernal equinoctial moon, as the Jews did, on whatever day of the
week it fell; whereas Rome, Egypt, and all the West observed it on the Sunday following. It was agreed that both might follow their custom without breaking the bands of charity. St. Anicetus, to
testify his respect, yielded to him the honor of celebrating the Eucharist in his own church. 
St. Polycarp’s Martyrdom:
St. Polycarp’s martyrdom was mentioned in a letter which was soon afterward written by the
Christians at Smyrna to the Christians at Philomenius. This letter has come to be called the Acts of the
Martyrdom of Saint Polycarp:
In the sixth year of Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, Statius Quadratus being proconsul of
Asia, a violent persecution broke out in that country, in which the faithful gave heroic proofs of their
courage and love of God, to the astonishment of the infidels. When they were torn to pieces with
scourges till their very bowels were laid bare, amidst the moans and tears of the spectators, who were
moved with pity at the sight of their torments, not one of them gave so much as a single groan, so little
regard had they for their own flesh in the cause of God. No kinds of torture, no inventions of cruelty,
were forborne to force them to conformity to the pagan worship of the times. 
The year Polycarp was martyred, there was a  civil celebration in Smyrna, and games were
being held at the local amphitheater. A well-known Christian boy named  Aereanicus had been
martyred, preferring to fight the beasts rather than to follow pagan practices, the alternative given to
him.  When he had been slain by the animals, the Christians were accused of having brain washed him
into doing such a foolish thing as prefer death to a "simple sacrifice".  The mob began shouting; "Bring
us Polycarp!"
When St. Polycarp heard of these events, he was not disturbed, and desired to remain in the
city. But the faithful were able to convince him to withdraw to a farm nearby with a few friends.  St.
Polycarp prayed night and day, for all men and for the churches throughout the world.  One night while
he was praying, St. Polycarp had a vision, seeing his pillow blazing with flames.  He came to his
friends and said, "I must be burned Alive."
Herod, the Irenarch, or keeper of the peace, whose office it was to prevent misdemeanors and
apprehend malefactors, sent horsemen by night to arrest St. Polycarp. Now, the soldiers who were
searching for him arrived at Polycarp’s own house, and when they could not find him, they seized two
young servant boys. One broke down under their torture and betrayed where the bishop had gone.  And
late in the evening of that Friday, they rode to the farm.  They took the servant boy with them and
found St. Polycarp in bed in the upper room of the small cottage.  When he heard of their arrival he
went downstairs and talked with them.  St. Polycarp knew why they had come and greeted them.  The
soldiers became upset that there had been such an uproar and eagerness to arrest such an old man.  St.
Polycarp ordered a meal for the band of captors, and asked them to give him an hour or so in order that
he might pray.  This was granted. The soldiers were astonished to see the bishop pray intently for two
hours, remembering the names and the needs of so many of his and the whole church with so much
earnestness and devotion that several of those that were come to seize him repented they had
undertaken the commission. They set him on an ass, and were conducting him towards the city when
he was met on the road by Herod and his father  Nicetes, who took him into their chariot, and
endeavored to persuade him to a little compliance, saying, "What harm is there in saying Lord Caesar,
or even in sacrificing, to escape death?" By the word Lord was meant nothing less than a kind of deity
or godhead. The bishop at first was silent, in imitation of our Savoir, but being pressed, he gave them
this resolute answer, "I shall never do what you desire of me." At these words, taking off the mask of
friendship and compassion, they treated him with scorn and reproaches, and  thrust him out of the
chariot with such violence that his leg was bruised by the fall.  The holy man went forward cheerfully to the place where the people were assembled. Upon his
entering it a voice from Heaven was heard by many, "Polycarp, be courageous, and act manfully." He
was led directly to the tribunal of the proconsul, who exhorted him to respect his own age, to swear by
the genius of Caesar, and to say, "Take away the impious," meaning the Christians. The saint, turning
towards the people in the pit, said, with a stern countenance, "Exterminate the wicked," meaning by
this expression either a wish that they might cease to be wicked by their conversion to the faith of the
Lord Jesus Christ, or this was a prediction of the calamity which befell their city in 177, when Smyrna
was overturned by an earthquake, as we read in Dion and Aristides. The proconsul repeated, "Swear by
the genius of Caesar, and I discharge you; blaspheme Christ." St. Polycarp replied, "I have served him
these fourscore and six years, and he never did me any harm, but much good, and how can I blaspheme
my King and my Savoir? If you require of me to swear by the genius of Caesar, as you call it, hear my
free confession- I am a Christian; but if you desire to learn the Christian religion, appoint a time, and
hear me." The proconsul said, "Persuade the people." The martyr replied, "I addressed my discourse to
you, for we are taught to give due  honor to princes as far as is consistent  with religion. But the
populace is an incompetent judge to justify myself before." Indeed rage rendered them incapable of
hearing him. 
The proconsul then assuming a tone of severity, said: "I have wild beasts." "Call for them,"
replied the saint: "for we are unalterably resolved not to change from good to evil. It is only good to
pass from evil to good." The proconsul said: "If you contemn the beasts, I will cause you to be burnt to
ashes." Polycarp answered: "You threaten me with a fire which burns for a short time and then goes
out, but are yourself ignorant of the judgment to come, and of the fire of everlasting torments which is
prepared for the wicked. Why do you delay? Bring against me what you please." Whilst he said this
and many other things, he appeared in a transport of joy and confidence, and his countenance shone
with a certain heavenly grace and pleasant cheerfulness, insomuch that the proconsul himself was
struck with admiration. However, he ordered a crier to make public proclamation three times in the
middle of the Stadium (as was the Roman custom in capital cases): "Polycarp hath confessed himself a
Christian." At this proclamation the whole multitude of Jews and Gentiles gave a great shout, the latter
crying out, "This is the great teacher of Asia; the father of the Christians; the destroyer of our gods,
who preaches to men not to sacrifice to or adore them." They applied to Philip the Asiarch to let loose
a lion upon St. Polycarp. He told them that it was not in his power, because those shows had been
closed. Then they unanimously demanded that he should be burnt alive. 
Their request was no sooner granted but every one ran with all speed to fetch wood from the
baths and shops. The pile being prepared, St. Polycarp put off his garments, untied his girdle, and
began to take off his shoes, an office he had not been accustomed to, the Christians having always
striven who should do these things for him, regarding it as a happiness to be admitted to touch him.
The wood and other combustibles were heaped all round him. 
The executioners would have nailed him to the stake; but he said to them: "Suffer me to be as I
am. He who gives me grace to undergo this fire will enable me to stand still without that precaution."
They therefore contented themselves with tying his hands behind his back, and in this posture looking
up towards heaven, he prayed as follows: "O Almighty Lord God, Father of thy beloved and blessed
Son Jesus Christ, by whom we have received the knowledge of thee, God of angels, powers, and every
creature, and of all the race of the just that live in thy presence! I bless thee for having been pleased in
thy goodness to bring me to this hour, that I may receive a portion in the number of thy martyrs, and
partake of the chalice of thy Christ, for the resurrection to eternal life, in the incorruptibleness of the
Holy Spirit. Amongst whom grant me to be received this day as a pleasing sacrifice, such a one as thou thyself hast prepared, that so  thou majesty accomplish what thou,  O true and faithful God! Hast
foreshown. Wherefore, for all things I praise, bless, and glorify thee, through the eternal high priest
Jesus Christ, thy beloved Son, with whom, to Thee  and the Holy Spirit be glory now and for ever.
He had scarce said Amen when fire was set to the pile, which increased to a mighty flame. But
behold a wonder, say the authors of these acts, seen by us reserved to attest it to others; the flames
forming themselves into an arch, like the sails of a ship swelled with the wind, gently encircled the
body of the martyr, which stood in the middle, resembling not roasted flesh, but purified gold or silver,
appearing bright through the flames; and his body sending forth such a fragrance that we seemed to
smell precious spices. The blind infidels were only exasperated to see his body could not be consumed,
and ordered a spearman to pierce him through, which he did, and such a quantity of blood issued out of
his left side as to quench the fire. 
The malice of the devil ended not here: he endeavored to obstruct the relics of the martyr being
carried off by the Christians; for many desired to do it, to show their respect to his body. Therefore, by
the suggestion of Satan, Nicetes advised the proconsul not to bestow it on the Christians, lest, said he,
abandoning the crucified man, they should adore Polycarp: the Jews suggested this, "Not knowing,"
say the authors of the acts of martyrs, "that we can never forsake Christ, nor adore any other, though
we love the martyrs, as his disciples and imitators, for the great love they bore their king and master."
The centurion, seeing a contest raised by the Jews, placed the body in the middle, and burnt it to ashes.
"We afterwards took up the bones," say they, "more precious than the richest jewels or gold, and
deposited them decently in a place at which may God grant us to assemble with joy, to celebrate the
birthday of the martyr." It was at two o'clock in the afternoon, which the authors of the acts of martyrs
call the eighth hour, in the year 166, that St. Polycarp received his crown, according to Tillemont; but
in 169, according to Basnage. His tomb is still shown with great veneration at Smyrna, in a small
chapel. St. Irenaeus speaks of St. Polycarp as being of an uncommon age.
The Epistle of St. Polycarp to the Philippians
The epistle of St. Polycarp to the Philippians, which is the only one among those which he
wrote that has been preserved, is a standing proof of the apostolic spirit with which he was animated,
and of that profound humility, perfect meekness, burning charity, and holy zeal, of which his life was
so admirable an example. The beginning is an effusion of spiritual joy and charity with which he was
transported at the happiness of their conversion to God, and their fervor in divine love. His extreme
abhorrence of heresy makes him immediately fall upon that of the Docaetae against which he arms the
faithful, by clearly demonstrating that Christ was truly made man, died, and rose again: in which his
terms admirably express his most humble and affectionate devotion to our divine Redeemer, under
these great mysteries of love. Besides walking in truth, he takes notice, that to be raised with Christ in
glory, we must also do his will, keep all his commandments, and love whatever he loved; refraining
from all fraud, avarice, detraction, and rash judgment; repaying evil with good forgiving and showing
mercy to others that we ourselves may find mercy. "These things," says he, "I write to you on justice,
because you incited me; for neither I, nor any other like me, can attain to the wisdom of the blessed
and glorious Paul, into whose epistles if you look, you may raise your spiritual fabric by strengthening
faith, which is our mother, hope following, and  charity towards God, Christ, and our neighbor
preceding us. He who has charity is far from all sin." The saint gives short instructions to every
particular state, then adds, "Every one who hath not confessed that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh, is
antichrist; and who hath not confessed the suffering of the cross, is of the devil; and who hath drawn
the oracles of the Lord to his passions, and hath said that there is no resurrection nor judgment, he is
the oldest son of Satan." He exhorts to watching always in prayer, lest we be led into temptation; to be constant in fasting, persevering, joyful in hope, and in the pledge of our justice, which is Christ Jesus,
imitating his patience; for, by suffering for his name, we glorify him. To encourage them to suffer, he
reminds them of those who had suffered before their eyes: Ignatius, Zozimus, and Rufus, and some of
their own congregation, "who are now," says our saint, "in the place which is due to them with the
Lord, with whom they also suffered."
== Servant Women ==
== Servant Women ==
=== Phoebe ===
# [[Phoebe]]
# [[Priscilla]]
She is the most famous woman mentioned in the Holy Epistles of St. Paul. She came before
# [[St. Thekla, the Martyr]]
men in the Holy Epistle to the Romans “I commended to you Phoebe our sister who is a servant of the
church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist
her in whatever business she has need of you for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself
also (Romans 16:1&2)”. She was a virgin and St. Paul mentioned her as a deacon serving women in
the Church of Cenchrea in Corinth. She was the writer for St. Paul in the Holy Epistle to the Romans
and also she carried that Holy Epistle to them. 
=== Priscilla ===
She and his husband Aquila were the perfect example of the true Christian marriage as St. John
the Chrysostom said. They lived in Rome and left to Corinth when the emperor Claudius exiled all
Jews from Rome and there St. Paul met them in his second trip of ministry (Acts 18:2). They hosted St.
Paul in their house for one and a half years. They were like St. Paul tents makers. They followed St.
Paul to Ephesus where they stayed there and their house became a Church. St. Paul met them again in
Ephesus during his 3rd trip and so he wrote “Aquila and Priscilla greet you heartily in the Lord with
the church in their house (1 Corinthians 16:19).”
They returned to Rome and continued their ministry and so St. Paul sent his greetings to them
in his Holy Epistle to Romans “Greet Priscilla and Aquila my fellow workers in Christ Jesus who
risked their own necks for my life to whom not only I give thanks but also all churches of the gentiles”
(Romans 16:3-5). 
Again they left Rome returning back to Asia Minor especially Ephesus to continue their
ministry and so St. Paul wrote to Timothy “Greet Priscilla and Aquila” (2 Timothy 4:19). It is clear
that St. Priscilla and her husband were highly educated in addition to their righteousness as the Holy
Book of Acts mentioned that they taught Apollos from Alexandria the Orthodox faith in the Lord
although Apollos was fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things of the Lord though he
knew the baptism of John (Acts 18:24-26). She is a role model for the Christian married woman.
=== St. Thekla, the Martyr ===
She was a virgin and a disciple of St. Paul from Iconium. She was rich, beautiful and engaged
to one of the well-to-do men in Iconium (Acts 13:51). When St. Paul arrived at Iconium in his first
ministry’s trip she believed in his ministry and so vowed to be a virgin for the Lord. When her mother
discovered her faith she went and betrayed her to the governor of Iconium who persecuted her with
different sufferings and pains.  He threw her in fire but the Lord sent heavy rain which extinguished
the flames and so she was saved. She followed St. Paul to Antioch and ministered to pagan women
there. In Antioch, the governor also persecuted her and threw her to the wild animals naked three times
for three days but the Lord saved her. After that he threw her in a pit filled with snakes but the Lord
saved her. She went after that to her home land in Iconium and ministered there, then went to Syria
where she lived the hermitic life and the Lord granted her the gift of healing sickness. She departed at the age of 90 years and was buried in Solicaia of Syria. Because of her great sufferings and pains, the
church called her martyr.

Latest revision as of 19:02, 12 October 2012

The Twelve Disciples & Apostles

  1. St. Peter the Apostle
  2. St. Andrew the Apostle
  3. St. James the Elder
  4. St. James the Beloved
  5. St. James the Just
  6. St. Philip the Apostle
  7. St. Bartholomew the Apostle
  8. St. Thomas the Apostle
  9. St. Matthew the Apostle
  10. St. Judas the Apostle
  11. St. Simon the Canaanite
  12. St. Barnabas the Apostle
  13. St. Mark the Evangelist and Beholder of God
  14. St. Luke the Apostle

The Apostles’ Assistants

  1. St. Timothy
  2. St. Titus
  3. St. Silas

The Apostolic Fathers

  1. St. Clement of Rome
  2. St. Polycarp Bishop of Smyrna

Servant Women

  1. Phoebe
  2. Priscilla
  3. St. Thekla, the Martyr